Mountain ash "Pomegranate": characteristics, useful properties and recommendations for growing

Mountain ash "Pomegranate": characteristics, useful properties and recommendations for growing

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Mountain ash "Pomegranate" was bred by I. V. Michurin as a result of work on crossing mountain ash of the Nevezhinskaya variety with hawthorn. And if domestic gardeners know this plant as “Michurinsky pomegranate”, then the name “Ivans belle” is more familiar abroad.

Description and varietal characteristics

Description of mountain ash “Pomegranate” involves the formation of a tree with a height of up to 3-4 m, which has a certain similarity with the mountain ash. The average period of productive cultivation is not more than twenty years. The plant is characterized by frost resistance and perfectly adapts to most regions of our country.

Shoots are characterized by good ripening and are practically not susceptible to negative effects in the form of sunburn and freezing. Despite the high photophilia, the plant bears fruit well enough under conditions of some shading.

The foliage is next, unpaired, consisting of several leaves with an oblong-elliptical shape. The appearance of the crown is quite decorative. The root system of adult plants is well developed, fibrous type. Mixed-type fruit buds. It blooms in small, white, collected in large corymbose inflorescences, flowers. Late flowering time allows to avoid damage by spring return frosts.

The fruits are attractive, burgundy with a pomegranate hue, spherical with facets of shape, the average weight of not more than 1−1.6 g Taste good. The taste is sweet and sour, with a slight but pleasant astringency. Ripe yellow flesh, quite juicy.

Mountain ash "Pomegranate": grade description

Beneficial features

Rowan called "Pomegranate" is a multivitamin hybrid plant. Ripe fruits contain about 29-30 mg /% vitamin C and at least 10-12 mg /% carotene. The pulp is rich in vitamins B2, B9, K, P and E. Also in the fruits there is a sufficient amount of pectins, macro- and microelements.

As a rule, berries of this variety are not used fresh, but they have proven themselves as raw materials for the preparation of preserves, fruit and berry jellies, marmalades, homemade wine, compotes, vitamin syrups and juices. The variety is characterized by high productivity. Subject to simple agricultural technology, the yield of one adult tree is about 18−20 kg.

Despite the high rates of self-fertility, in order to increase yields, it is recommended to use the cross-pollination method, which involves planting on the rowan variety Dessert, Bethel and Sorbinka.

Landing rules

Cultivating mountain ash varieties "Pomegranate" in the conditions of home gardening is quite simple. It is enough to take into account some features of the plant and observe the requirements for caring for the berry crop:

  • plots allocated for the cultivation of this garden crop should be represented by sod-weakly podzolic loam and enriched with organic matter;
  • there should be no stagnation of moisture on the site, and the optimal values ​​of groundwater occurrence are 1.5−2 m from the surface;
  • It is recommended to plant rowan seedlings in the autumn or very early spring, even before the buds open on the plant;
  • when digging planting pits, you should focus on the size of the root system of the seedling, as well as the depth of the root neck by about 4-5 cm;
  • the distance between the seedlings can not be less than two meters, and the best option is to plant along the hedge or wall of the building.

Planted plants should be abundantly watered, and the trunk circle should be mulched with sawdust or peat.

Plant care

The soil on the site should always be as loose and free from weeds. If the soil is quite fertile and enriched with organic matter during planting, then in the first two years it is advisable to feed plants in the spring with only nitrogen-containing fertilizers in the form of nitrate or urea. At the fruiting stage, adult plants are supplemented with top dressing by adding superphosphate and potassium salt in the fall. Both young plantings and adult plants need systematic irrigation (three buckets of water per square meter of plantings).

The most successful is the formation of a bushy or sparse-tier crown, which allows to improve lighting and increase the compactness of plantings. Productive plants need a regular reduction in crown height.

The mountain ash of the Pomegranate variety has sufficient stability, however, damage to aphids, ticks, guards, sawfly larvae or butterfly caterpillars can be observed. Diseases are not too common and can be represented by rust and fruit rot, or moniliosis.

How to plant mountain ash

In addition, it is recommended that preventive measures be taken to protect trees from powdery mildew, brown spotting, bacterial burns and some viral diseases.