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Reproduction of lily (Lílium), a plant from the family Liliaceae (Liliaceae), is not difficult and can be carried out both vegetatively and with the help of seed material. Any method allows you to grow a full-fledged flowering plant as soon as possible.
In order to obtain a significant amount of planting material, you can use any of four methods of propagation of garden lilies: scales, bulbs that form in the leaf sinuses, leaves and shoots. All these methods will not require the use of special equipment. The most common vegetative division of the lily is to obtain material for planting from flakes.
Reproduction by scales
Scales reproduce almost any variety of lily with the exception of three species:
- Lilium callosum;
- Lilium cernum;
These varieties have very small bulbs, which makes it difficult to obtain a significant amount of flakes.
As a rule, this method of propagation is practiced by flower growers in the autumn period, after the end of the growing season and the transplantation of plants. However, it is allowed to perform lily propagation by scales and in the spring. It is very important to observe the technology of the event:
- the scales break off to ½ of the bulb or are plucked to the end, the bottom of the bulb is used as a handle;
- at the break, powder should be powdered with chopped charcoal or special powder “TMDT”;
- the use of external flakes allows you to get good and strong plants if you soak the material in a solution of Zircon, Epin or Amber Acid for 12-14 hours;
- planting is carried out in seedlings filled with a soil mixture based on a pair of parts of deciduous humus, a pair of parts of high peat and part of gravel;
- the soil mixture is poured into a box a couple of centimeters thick, after which a layer of gravel is filled with a thickness of 4 cm;
- flakes should be immersed in the soil mixture by about 75%, the lower part should be located in the gravel layer;
- for germination, it is necessary to adhere to a temperature regime of 22-25 ° C, and it is also necessary to regularly moisten the soil;
- the process of the onion-baby formation takes about 1-3 months, which depends on the varietal characteristics of the lily;
- the process of separating the bulb from the flake is carried out after the formation of leaflets on the plants.
The resulting planting material should be planted in individual containers filled with soil mixture for flowering plants. Adult plants obtained as a result of such reproduction enter the flowering phase about a year or two after planting in open ground.
This method of lily propagation is the easiest and consists in dividing the bulb nest. Every year, young bulbs form on the bottom of the bulbs, of which after three years a fairly close nest is formed. To obtain a fully developing plant, it is necessary to separate them, after which individual bulbs are planted in a new place.
Experienced flower growers carry out such an event in the fall, in the first decade of September. However, if necessary, it is allowed to reproduce the lily by division and spring, but always before the emergence of sprouts. Immediately after the division, the planted plants need especially careful care, which consists of watering and feeding. The first full flowering of young lilies occurs in the third year after planting in a separate place.
Lilies: reproduction by scales
Reproduction by children
Reproduction of lilies by children is a very simple method of vegetative propagation and is used by amateur gardeners for many varieties of this flowering plant. The procedure is performed approximately every three years, when it becomes necessary to transplant the lily to a new place. Children formed on adult bulbs are quite easily separated in a mature state.
Reproduction of lilies in this way requires compliance with some rules:
- in the first ten days of September, daughter bulbs are separated without digging up the mother bulb;
- to improve survival, it is recommended to process the planting material with special growth stimulants;
- after the treatment, the bulbs are planted on the prepared site, they should be buried no more than 4-5 cm.
With this method of reproduction, the lily blooms in about the third or fourth year. Earlier flowering is undesirable, which is due to the insufficient strength of the plant, so it is recommended to remove the appearing peduncles.
The method is best suited for the varieties "Aelita", "Kalinka" and "Pink Smoke", which are capable of forming a significant amount of a sufficiently large planting material. As a rule, suitable bulbs for planting are formed at the final stage of flowering. Sowing can be carried out both directly in open ground and in seedlings.
The optimal distance between the planted bulbs is about 4-5 cm. Planting material can be buried no more than 3 cm. When growing lilies with grooves, the distance between them should be at least 20-25 cm. The highest indicators of vegetative efficiency are recorded on young mother plants, abundantly blooming and grown in high humidity.
Possible florist errors
When using flakes for lily propagation, it is very important to rinse the bulb well, and carefully separate the flakes. The most productive are large flakes from the outer layer. If it is necessary to preserve the mother’s bulb, do not remove more than 50% of the flakes. If the flakes are separated in the spring, planting is carried out directly in the open ground.
Quite often, flower growers are faced with the difficulties of reproducing lilies with bulbs. It should be remembered that the younger the lily, the more bulbs are formed bulbs. Also, a large amount of planting material is formed during prolonged rainy weather. To increase its number, experienced flower growers carry out decapitation, through which it is possible to cause the formation of bulbs, even on some non-bulbous varieties of lily.
Lily propagation methods
There are other ways to reproduce lilies, including the use of stem and leaf cuttings. However, for home gardening they cannot be considered convenient and common.