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Pepper Ogonyok attracts the attention of many gardeners with its taste and bright fruits. It is used not only for preparing various dishes, but also for treating colds. Also, this variety is an excellent decorative element that can be used to decorate any kitchen. To get a high-quality harvest, you need to familiarize yourself with the peculiarities of growing red pepper at home.
The characteristic of this variety allows you to study its features in more detail.
Pepper Ogonyok grows in the form of a small bush, the height of which does not exceed 35-40 cm. About 80-100 peppers can be harvested from one bush per season. The length of the fruits is not very large and reaches only 5-7 cm. The mass of one red pepper is about 35 g. The fruits differ not only in weight and size, but also in shape. They can be oval, round, or have pointed tops.
This variety belongs to the medium early, since the first fruits begin to appear 120-125 days after planting. You can grow the plant in greenhouses, open ground or on a windowsill.
Growing seedlings from seeds consists of several main stages.
First you need to choose a suitable room where the pots with the plant will stand. Growing pepper light on the windowsill is carried out in the most illuminated and cool place. It is not recommended to grow indoor peppers on windows that are exposed to direct sunlight. If the temperature on the windowsill is above 15 degrees, the leaves of the plant will begin to turn yellow and fall off. In this case, it is better to move the pots with it to the southeast or southwest part of the house.
It is necessary to add sand, garden soil and humus to the soil in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. It is also worth taking care of the drainage system.
For this, the bottom of the pot is sprinkled with crushed stone, broken brick or expanded clay. In order not to waste time preparing the soil, you can use the purchased soil mixture.
Before planting, the seeds must be dipped in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour. Then they should be covered with wet gauze and wait until they begin to peck. The seeds can then be distributed among the planting pots.
Planting the seed must be done very carefully so as not to accidentally damage the sprouts. You should not plant it too deep. It will be enough to lower the seeds 10-15 mm deep. After that, containers with bushes are covered with foil until the first shoots appear.
The pick is carried out at the stage of development of several pairs of true leaves. New seedlings should be planted in shallow containers with a diameter of about 7-8 cm. If they are planted in deeper pots, then by the time the pepper is planted in open ground, its ground part will be less developed than the root system. Before starting a pick, the soil must be thoroughly watered.
The procedure must be carried out very carefully so as not to damage the roots of the plant.
Care consists in regular feeding and watering the soil. For watering hot peppers, use settled warm water. It is not poured onto the soil itself, but into the pan of the pot. If the liquid is absorbed too quickly, then the planted plant needs to be watered again.
You need to feed the seedlings with special mineral fertilizers, which are used when growing domestic plants. This should be done immediately after watering to keep the soil moist enough.
Planting in open ground
Planting pepper in open ground is carried out after the first buds appear on the bushes.
This is done in the spring, when the average daily temperature does not drop below 15 degrees.
A few weeks before planting, hot peppers must be hardened. To do this, the seedling pots must be regularly taken out into the street. At first, their time in the open air should not exceed 20-30 minutes per day. It gradually increases until the seedlings can be outdoors all day. Once the potted pepper has become accustomed to the environmental conditions, it can be planted outdoors.
Site selection and soil preparation
Bitter pepper loves warmth and light, so it is grown in a well-lit area with warm soil. Before planting, the soil is dug up and fertilized with humus and peat. Waterproof and lightweight soil must be fertilized with overripe manure in the fall.
During planting, you can use the nesting method with a 50x50 scheme. To plant peppers, you need to make holes at a distance of at least 30-45 cm. The distance between the rows should be about 50-60 cm. The depth of the hole depends on the length of the root system of the plant. Seedlings should go into the ground up to the root collar.
Before planting seedlings, you need to add a tablespoon of mineral fertilizers to each hole. After this, the seedlings are carefully removed from the pots and placed in the ground.
All beds must be mulched with a small layer of peat. If the pepper bushes are quite tall, they should be tied to supports.
Peppers need to be carefully looked after to produce a good harvest.
The plant is very much in need of moisture during fruiting and flowering. Therefore, it is impossible for the soil in the beds to be dry. In summer, peppers need to be watered every day.
If it's too hot outside, then you will have to moisten the soil several times a day. For irrigation, it is better to use warm water that has settled in the sun.
Pepper cultivation cannot be carried out without feeding. It promotes the rapid formation of fruits and helps to cope with many diseases. The soil is fertilized with products that contain nitrogen. To do this, you can use potassium nitrate: 50 g of the drug is mixed with 10 liters of water. You can also use mixtures containing phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium salt and superphosphate.
The cultivation of pepper should be accompanied by periodic treatments that will help protect it from various pests and diseases. You can fight fungal diseases with the help of fungicidal preparations. Bordeaux mixture, Bayleton or Oxyhom are perfect for this. To get rid of pests, you can use acaricidal or insecticidal preparations: Karate, Akarin, Kleschevit.
Pepper Ogonyok is a rather unpretentious plant, which anyone can start breeding. To grow it, you must familiarize yourself in advance with all the features of its cultivation.