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Description of the variety of garlic Chinese, how to grow and when to dig out?

Description of the variety of garlic Chinese, how to grow and when to dig out?



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Why is garlic popular? The reasons for its demand are hidden in its valuable composition and medicinal properties. This valuable plant helps fight viral infections and harmful microbes through the production of phytoncides. Regular consumption of garlic has a beneficial effect on blood circulation and strengthens the human immune system. Simplicity in cultivation has also become an advantage; today, most gardeners in Russia have this valuable crop in their beds. Chinese garlic has already won the recognition of many gardeners in the country. Plant cultivation is available for different regions of the country.

Variety information

The species is known to vegetable growers not only under the name Chinese garlic. It is often referred to as Mountain Garlic or Allspice. Combining the flavors of onion and garlic, the plant, originally from China, has successfully spread outside its homeland. In 2000, it appeared in Russia. At the beginning of the 21st century, the variety managed to gain recognition in the Asian markets and popularity far beyond its borders. The plant belongs to the perennial representatives of the lily family. Description of the appearance and characteristics of mountain garlic:

  • Versatile, shows good yields as a winter and spring species.
  • Hard stem is missing.
  • Weak, false bulb.
  • Long, narrow leaves.
  • The width of the leaves is up to 1 centimeter.
  • White, star-shaped branches.
  • Feathers are yellow-green when mature.
  • Under favorable conditions, it reaches a height of 40-50 centimeters.
  • Resistant to stress.
  • Cold-resistant, can withstand temperatures up to 40 degrees.
  • Short shelf life of leaves, bulbs can be stored for up to a year.
  • Small onion, 1.5 centimeters in diameter.
  • The number of cloves is 7–8 pieces.
  • Long-lasting, pleasant aroma during the flowering period.

IMPORTANT! The main difference is that leaves and flowers are more often used for food.

Today, there are several of the most popular varieties of Chinese garlic:

  1. A priori. The cold-resistant variety is distinguished by its productivity. According to the State Register, it is recommended for farms and home planting. Get up to 3 kilograms of garlic per season.
  2. Astrologer. The leader among varieties, it stands out for its positive taste. The yield is similar to the Aprior variety.
  3. Oriental. It has a rich taste and is often used as an ingredient in salads. Included in the gardening State Register of the Russian Federation.
  4. Spicy. The name emphasizes the flavor characteristics of a mid-season variety. Possesses increased cold resistance. From a square meter of planting, a crop of 3.5 kilograms is harvested.

Cultivation areas

The frost-resistant plant has been known to people for more than several thousand years. Its cultivation takes place in different parts of the world: Thailand, India, Mongolia, Japan, the Far East, Siberia. Garlic grows independently in the wild, often the entire forest glade turns green. You can meet him:

  • In the meadows.
  • In the hills.
  • In the river valleys.
  • On stony soils.

Cultivation recommendations

Growing a plant is available even for novice gardeners. Seeds are more often used as planting material. The second sowing option is vegetative, by separating the bushes. It is more convenient to plant garlic in this way in small areas at any time, except for the winter period. You can harvest in the year of sowing.

Seeds are planted in early March or late November. The first shoots will appear in less than a month for spring planting and early next spring when choosing an autumn planting period. To get the best harvest you need:

  • Pre-clean the soil of vegetation and roots.
  • Dig up the soil.
  • Make furrows.
  • The width between the rows is 30–35 centimeters.
  • The sowing depth of seeds is 1.5–2 centimeters.
  • For 1 square meter of planting area, you will need 1.7–2 grams of seed.

Growing a decent harvest requires adherence to simple agricultural rules:

  • Loosening the soil.
  • Watering. The period of active growth requires 4–5 times of watering during the day; for a mature plant, 1–2 waterings are enough.
  • Weeding.

In the first year, seed planting does not show the best result. Garlic has 4–5 small leaves. You can dig out the harvest in late summer - early autumn. The dug-out garlic heads must be dried. For 10 days, it is kept in a warm, dry place, after which it is canned, used for fresh consumption and left for subsequent sowing.

Gardeners' opinion

Good day! Growing Chinese garlic has long been a hobby of mine. It is better to plant it in early spring. The plant is easy to care for, watering and weeding is enough. I prefer the seed planting method. I like to treat guests to a delicious garlic salad, add it to meat dishes and even pies. I use arrows for passing. I advise everyone!

Ekaterina Vlasova, 53 years old

Good afternoon! For lovers of pickled garlic, I recommend trying the Chinese variety. When I saw the Chinese garlic "Solo" in the supermarket, I decided to try to grow the valuable culture on my own. Successfully managed to fulfill the desire. Cultivation is not particularly difficult. I meet the first greenish sprout in early spring, you can dig out the head already in August. The whole green bush is used for food. I advise!

Valeria Sarenova, 65 years old

Conclusion

Garlic is one of the most useful and valuable plants. Despite all its positive qualities, Chinese garlic can be harmful. Why? During transportation and long-term storage, it can lose its healing properties and become hazardous to health.


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