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The introduction of soil fertilizers is one of the most important stages in the life of any vegetable grower. Many simply do not know how to feed pepper seedlings to achieve maximum yield, what elements are necessary for stable growth. But with what frequency is it necessary to add them to the soil, what is the best method to fertilize the nightshade family, and what kind of variety of nutrients can we talk about? These and many other questions arise in the process of growing a garden crop.
Peppers, like tomatoes, are planted using seedlings. This significantly saves the time of vegetable growers and increases the yield. Ready seedlings take root faster and bear fruit.
But how to water pepper seedlings so that they grow better in greenhouse conditions? Here the opinions of vegetable growers begin to diverge. Of course, you can always buy a ready-made one. But in this case, interest disappears, and to breed a variety that has been loved since last season is a kind of art.
Some of the nuances inherent in each type of plant are interesting. For example, nitrogen fertilization will cause vigorous growth, but is there a need to stimulate seedlings? Indeed, due to intensive growth, seedlings may become unsuitable for planting.
There are two points to rely on here:
- There is an opinion that it is not necessary to feed pepper seedlings at home. A smart plant will choose its own menu. Normal (non-depleted) soil contains all the elements necessary for growth.
- Other amateurs have the opposite point of view, choosing a soil saturated with useful elements and carrying out regular feeding. The seedlings grow strong, delighting growers with their rich green color.
The final result will help to come to a common opinion. It is necessary to closely monitor the life of the plant and, if necessary, adjust the growth. For example, feeding pepper with iodine is important both at the initial stage and during the formation of fruits.
Signs of good seedlings:
- height no more than 20 cm;
- deep green color.
- formed flowers, sometimes ovaries;
- specific, strong aroma of a healthy plant;
- good root system;
- leaves of medium size without signs of disease - uniform color, less intense at the edges;
- the stem is elastic, when swaying, it springs, returns to its original position.
Achieving such indicators is a real art, but the more interesting the process itself. Here it is important to feed the seedlings of peppers with the necessary elements in time, stock up on all kinds of fertilizers, and develop an effective irrigation technique.
Irrigation is usually combined with feeding - this is the easiest way for a crop to assimilate nutrients. There is also a practical point here: the elements are not washed out with water. After picking, watering the seedlings of peppers is mandatory - the plants will actively rush to fill the free space, and they will need strength for this.
After planting the plant in separate pots, you can expect the first leaves to appear. From this moment on, all life processes are accelerated. The culture begins to intensively absorb sunlight, the process of photosynthesis is accelerated. Someone grows seedlings like in a garden, using shallow flat wooden boxes for this. From this moment it is necessary to feed the seedlings.
The next top dressing is done after 15 days - this is necessary for the normal functioning and development of the entire plant. They call it that - common. The soil is enriched with a set of trace elements, among which the culture itself finds the most necessary. Top dressing is especially relevant if seedlings do not grow or we see a slowdown in all processes.
The final feeding is done two to three days before planting the culture. The need for this lies on the surface. When transplanting, pepper seedlings are exposed to several factors at once, with which the culture will have to live until the time of harvesting:
- different chemical composition of the soil;
- a sharp change in temperature.
Don't forget about pests and soil bacteria. Culture simply needs to stock up on nutrients to relive this exciting moment painlessly.
After picking, feeding pepper seedlings can be beneficial. We change the conditions of detention, and cultures are sensitive to the state of the environment.
So, we have identified three stages of plant life. Each of them requires human help. If you follow the order of feeding, there is a good chance to grow strong, strong seedlings, which will lead to a good harvest.
For most experienced gardeners, pepper seedlings go through a hardening procedure. In its properties, the action is similar to the hardening of the human body. Ready-made pots are simply put out on the street, gradually increasing the frequency and time. All chemical processes in a plant gradually adapt to more severe conditions of detention, which facilitates the painful process of adaptation. The environment for culture becomes less aggressive and, in the end, life wins.
Every amateur tries to preserve the culture in the transitional stages of its development. After transplanting, you can use the previously prepared caps. Five-liter bottles from under clean drinking water are not bad for these purposes. The lower part with the lid is neatly cut out. Small holes can be made on the bottom.
With this structure, the crop is protected from the effects of wind, insects and intense sunlight. It is enough just to carefully put on a protective cap on the pepper sprout, than after transplanting to look at the torment during adaptation. It is important that the leaves do not touch the edges of the plastic. During the day, the surface is heated by exposure to sunlight, which can burn the delicate foliage or stem.
How to fertilize
There are many different fertilizers for the nightshade family. The choice of each of them is a crucial moment affecting the yield. For example, feeding bell peppers may be different from feeding bitters. Regional differences greatly affect the choice of a particular type of fertilizer. The chemical composition of the soil, climatic conditions in different regions of the country can vary greatly.
- Potassium nitrate. Divorced at the rate of 30: 10,000. Thirty grams of dry matter per ten liters of clean water. In order to avoid unwanted chemical reactions, they are not left in reserve, they are used immediately after preparation. You can buy ready-made, diluted - even preferable.
- Ammonium nitrate. It causes intensive growth, is easily absorbed. Contains nitrogen. Its lack can be judged by the darkened and wrinkled leaves. Usually used for active flowering.
- Calcium nitrate. Calcium will give an impetus to development, as a result of which plump fruits will grow. The recipe for the solution is simple - 20 grams of fertilizer is mixed with 10 liters of clean water.
- The drug Kemira-lux, the second name is Fertika. There are a large number of varieties of this drug: Plus, Universal, Universal - 2, Autumn, Potato, Flower. Suitable for peppers with the Lux prefix. Contains a balanced composition of macro- and microelements necessary for the normal development of the entire culture.
- Yeast. This fungus culture isn't just good for making delicious buns or homemade wine. Feeding with yeast is useful for bell peppers, as it contains a large number of useful elements. Distinguish between dry dressing and using a previously diluted solution. It is recommended that the first feeding of seedlings be done with yeast.
- Superphosphate. Strengthens the root system. To have plump legs, you need an extensive root network. Contains a large (about 20%) amount of phosphorus. Double superphosphate - about 45%.
There is a good recipe for preparing a combined yeast solution: 20 grams of nutritional yeast, chicken droppings (at the discretion of the gardener), wood or straw ash are used for 20 liters of water. Everything is thoroughly mixed and allowed to settle for several hours. Water the culture in open beds or in a greenhouse. Refers to the types of regular feeding.
We must not forget about the role of organic fertilizers. Mineral dry mixes appeared as a result of the development of the chemical industry. This happened relatively recently. All chemical processes in organic matter have been adapted to life in the natural environment and have been formed for millions of years:
- Cow dung. Recommended for use when preparing beds. They are dug up together with the ground. Seedlings are planted on the prepared soil. Can be placed between rows - this will enrich the soil with each watering.
- Chicken droppings. Contains a large amount of nitrogen. When growing crops of the nightshade family, do not forget about this element. Causes intense growth of peppers. It dissolves poorly, so the mixture is allowed to stand for several days before use. Dilute in the proportion of one part of droppings to ten parts of water.
- Eggshell. 20 pieces of boiled eggs are peeled and pounded in a mortar. Then pour 4 liters of boiling water and leave to stand for five days. The solution is filtered, the beds are watered, which allows good peppers to grow. Useful properties are due to the high content of potassium, which performs a transport function, transferring useful elements from the soil to each cell.
This recipe is based on the fermentation process - we get similar reactions in a compost pit. With the help of yeast, we enrich the composition with microelements, speed up the process. If chemical reactions in the compost pit occur due to natural factors, then with the help of yeast you can get a good feeding after 18 days:
- Prepare fresh nettles in advance. It is important that the conditions of its maintenance are as close as possible to natural ones. The grass should not grow near the road, as passing cars emit toxic gases into the air, which are easily absorbed, settle on the foliage, stem, fall into the soil, and are part of the chemical composition of the plant itself.
- We take a bucket with a capacity of 10 liters. We fill it 50% with densely packed nettles. We dilute the yeast in warm water, pour it into a bucket. The solution should cover the entire leaf area. Protect from the sun - with excessive heating, the fermentation reactions slow down. To speed up the processes, we stir the future fertilizer every three days. After two to three weeks, the feeding is ready.
Pepper crops can be watered with a strained solution every 10 days, regardless of the main dressing schedule. This fortifying compound is beneficial for the development of a mature plant.
When working with yeast, pay attention to the temperature of the water: the liquid should not be hot. Yeast is a living fungal culture that perishes at a temperature of +40 degrees. By analogy with a person, if the thermometer shows + 40, it can harm the body.
So, the fourth stage is the formation of fruits. In addition to the main feeding schedule, it is necessary to add calcium and potassium to the soil. Do not forget about irrigation - high-quality watering will help the culture to maintain a healthy color and elasticity. Water is simply necessary for the normal functioning of all parts of the culture - it is the life-giving environment in which important chemical reactions of a living organism take place.
It is recommended to organize watering of the garden in such a way that a certain sequence is observed:
- drying the soil;
These three whales are the key to a good harvest. Moreover, at the second and third stages, there is a good opportunity for weed control.
The finished crop is harvested by the end of August. During this time, five main dressings take place:
- after the appearance of the first leaves in seedlings;
- 15 days after the first stage of feeding;
- final - a few days before planting, we fertilize the seedlings;
- during the period of active flowering;
- during the formation of the fruit.
In the intervals between the main dressings, it is necessary to apply mineral organic fertilizers - this will enrich the soil. Even if the peppers are low in iron or salt, the areas fertilized in this way will be beneficial for other crops. Crop rotation is beneficial for all types of plants - excellent beans will grow in place of peppers next year.
When fertilizing the soil, you must carefully observe the plant. Cultures are quite inertial, and the achievement of the desired effect can take a long period of time. For example, feeding with an iodine solution will be noticeable after harvesting and eating it. Iodine increases the vitamin C content of fruits. It can only be tasted.
In addition to taste, iodine:
- enhances the protective properties of the plant - not every bacterium will be able to feast on a piece of iodine, for them it is poison: the smell of iodine scares away insects and pests;
- growth stimulator of garden crops;
- helps to grow juicy fruits, affects the yield.
The last property of iodine is explained quite simply. We periodically feed the peppers with a solution throughout the season - this will promote the absorption of nitrogen, which will lead to good growth of the entire culture.
The competent use of mineral and organic fertilizers will always help to achieve the maximum yield. In combination with watering, lighting, maintenance, it guarantees a good harvest. By organizing regular feeding, you can grow wonderful juicy fruits saturated with nutrients that the body needs so much in winter.