Types of ferret castration and how it is done, how much does sterilization cost?

Types of ferret castration and how it is done, how much does sterilization cost?

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Domestic ferrets have a peaceful disposition. This character has turned out thanks to many years of selection. However, given that the pet is descended from wild animals, ferrets become aggressive during the mating season. This is because in nature, males need to fight for the female. Therefore, it is recommended that ferrets be castrated when kept at home.

What is ferret castration for?

Neutering is recommended for all pets, except when pets are kept for breeding. Ferrets become calmer after this procedure. However, castration is carried out not only for this purpose.

The procedure is shown in the following cases:

  1. After the onset of puberty, females undergo hormonal changes in the body. This process in some cases causes anemia, weight loss and baldness. During estrus, females weaken the immune defense, which can lead to the death of the animal.
  2. Males become restless during the rutting period, which lasts from 6 to 12 months. During this time, adult animals can run away from home in search of a female. Moreover, males need at least four mating annually to calm down. Moreover, each time the process must take place with different females. If this need is not met, adult pets may experience problems with the adrenal glands and prostate.
  3. During the rutting period, males begin to actively mark the territory and show aggression, both towards other animals and towards the owner. If more than two males live in the house, fights are possible, which often lead to the death of the pet.

It is recommended that ferrets be castrated before the end of puberty and before the start of the first rut. This procedure is carried out when the animals have reached 5 or 6 months of age.

Early castration is not recommended, as the risks of complications increase. Moreover, this procedure can be carried out after the first estrus (in females) or rut (in males).

Preparing the animal

The procedure for preparing a ferret for a procedure does not depend on the sex of the animal and the type of procedure chosen. Before starting the operation, you must do the following:

  1. A week before the appointed time, conduct a comprehensive examination. Castration is not carried out in the case of a diagnosis of the disease.
  2. 8 hours before the procedure, stop feeding and 2 hours before drinking.
  3. Rinse the room in which the animal is kept and the cage. This is done in order to exclude the possibility of infection of the pet shortly before the operation.
  4. Remove water and food from the cage.

The animal must not be fed or watered for the specified period. Otherwise, complications, including death, are possible during the operation.

When transporting a pet to a ferret veterinary clinic, it is recommended to wrap it in a blanket or towel so that the animal feels in a familiar environment. When returning home after surgery, shaking should be avoided. Otherwise, the seams may come apart.

How is the procedure carried out

Castration is performed by a surgical or chemical method. The first option is considered more optimal for ferrets. This is explained by the fact that the risk of complications after surgery is minimal.

This procedure is performed under general anesthesia. But the method is chosen taking into account the sex of the animal. In the male, the seminal glands are removed during the procedure. Due to the fact that the organs are located outside, the operation takes no more than 20 minutes.

The female's uterus and ovaries are removed at the same time. In this case, an abdominal operation is required, during which the abdomen is cut. The procedure takes up to half an hour. If necessary, during castration, the glands located near the anus are removed. After that, the animal stops secreting a secret, due to which the animal acquires a characteristic smell.

Chemical castration is carried out using special preparations. In this case, apply:

  1. Hormonal medications. These funds are used for the castration of females. This method has a temporary effect. After the introduction of hormonal drugs, the duration of estrus is shortened. But after 1-2 months, the process resumes, which will require repeated hormone therapy. This method is dangerous in that after taking such drugs, the risk of developing tumors increases.
  2. Steroids. With the help of these preparations, males and females are castrated. Steroids are considered to be more effective than hormonal medications. However, this method is used provided that there are no diseases in the animals. In addition, complications often occur after taking steroids.
  3. Implants. This method involves the implantation of special structures (implants) that prevent the risk of pregnancy. This method is considered the most effective as it does not cause complications. However, implants need to be changed every 2 years. And these designs are expensive.

Chemical castration is prohibited when:

  • liver disease;
  • pathologies of the genitourinary system;
  • tumors of a different nature;
  • chronic diseases.

After chemical castration, males continue to mark territory. And animal hair gives off a characteristic smell.

Postoperative period

After the operation, ferrets have a disrupted locomotor system. This complication is common with general anesthesia. Usually, the animal's condition returns to normal within 24 hours after the procedure.

After the pet wakes up, the animal can be given water. However, you can feed your ferret when it is fully recovered from the anesthesia. At first, it is recommended to keep the animal in a cage, limiting its mobility. The rehabilitation period lasts from 10 to 14 days. All this time, the animal must be in a cage without bedding.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Until complete healing, the suture is recommended to be treated with hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine, or another agent prescribed by a veterinarian. The animal should not be bathed for 2-3 weeks.

After the operation, the animals' metabolism slows down. In this regard, breeders need to adjust the daily diet of ferrets. It is recommended to feed the castrated animals with specialized premium-class food. Cheap mixtures are contraindicated for animals, since such products often include carcinogens and other toxic substances that can kill a pet.

With proper feeding and care, castration does not in any way affect the level and quality of life of the animal. Ferrets become less aggressive after the procedure, but remain mobile and playful. For this reason, after castration, the weight of the animal does not change.

Possible complications

After castration, the risk of developing hyperadrenocorticism, or adrenal tumor, increases. According to research results, such a neoplasm is detected in 20-80% of males who have undergone such a procedure.

Such a high rate is due to the fact that after castration, the pituitary gland continues to produce luteinizing hormone. The latter in ordinary animals affects the testes and ovaries. But in castrated animals, this hormone irritates the adrenal glands, contributes to the appearance of a tumor.

On average, a neoplasm forms 3-4 years after surgery. Hyperadrenocorticisms also occur after chemical castration. The reason for the appearance of a tumor in this case is similar. However, the risks of neoplasm after chemical castration are lower.

Possible complications of this procedure also include:

  • wound infection;
  • internal bleeding;
  • endocrinopathy of the adrenal glands (parts of organs remain in the abdominal cavity);
  • obesity;
  • pathology of the digestive tract;
  • hyperplasia of the mammary glands.

After chemical castration using hormones or steroids, the number of possible complications multiplies.

How much does sterilization cost?

The cost of the procedure depends on the type of surgery chosen and the gender of the animal. Surgical intervention on males is estimated at 1.6-2.2 thousand rubles. Removal of the ovaries and uterus from a female costs 3.2-4 thousand rubles.

Watch the video: Early Age Spay and Neutering (August 2022).