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Quail, as an agricultural bird, gained recognition about 15 years ago. They have healthy eggs, shown in some diseases, tender meat. And the very breeding of these birds is simple. If there are not many of them, then it is quite possible to equip a corner on the balcony, even in a city apartment. It is optimal, of course, to give the birds a separate room. The problem is that their lives are directly dependent on lighting. How to properly conduct light into a quail cage?
The role of lighting in quail keeping
These birds have an accelerated metabolism, which indirectly depends on the amount and intensity of light. If it is too light in the cage, then the quails become aggressive. They peck each other, and sometimes they kill weak individuals. If there is not enough light, then egg production and the general activity of birds decrease.
Experienced poultry farmers recommend using blue or red glass bulbs. They reduce the intensity of radiation, make the lighting in the cage more comfortable for small residents.
Selection and installation of lamps at home
In addition to artificial, quails also need daylight. It is optimal to place the cage so that the sun falls on it during the day, and lamps are illuminated in the evening. In winter, artificial light should completely replace natural light for the inhabitants of the mini-farm.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Infrared lights are considered a cheap and convenient option. They shine dimly and help maintain the right temperature. However, they require frequent replacement.
If the long-term maintenance of the bird is in the future, then it is reasonable to spend money on LED lamps. They are economical to operate and shine softly. It is not recommended to use conventional incandescent bulbs in the house. They warm, but do not give ultraviolet light, which is necessary for all living organisms to produce vitamin D.
The lighting rate for egg production is 25-30 lux, for growing for meat - 35 lux. These indicators must be observed at feeders and drinkers. Here it is worth thinking about how to correctly place the lamps, depending on the type and number of cells.
Light mode for quail
The light should be on for the birds at least 15 hours a day, and in winter it is even possible not to turn it off. Quails rest 4-5 hours a day. But, given their accelerated metabolism, completely depriving birds of lighting at night is also wrong. For such a long rest, the quail will get hungry, and then overeat. It is optimal to observe approximately the following light regime:
- from 6:00 to 00:00 the lamps are on;
- from 00:00 to 2:00 the birds are resting;
- from 2:00 to 4:00 the lamps are on, the birds are eating;
- from 4:00 to 6:00 the second part of the rest.