We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Date Tomatoes are bred by crossing Cherry tomatoes. There are several different types: Yellow date F1, Orange date F1, Siberian date F1.
Hybrid Date red F1, variety description: medium late, refers to semi-determinant. This means that the main stem stops growing after 8 to 12 inflorescences have formed. The first inflorescence grows on the main stem above 7-9 leaves. Such plants have short internodes, that is, the distance between the brushes is 12 - 18 cm, while in indeterminate varieties it is 25 - 30 cm.
The bushes are up to 1.5 m high, but they can grow more compact, up to 90 cm. The bushes are moderately leafy, 6 - 8 fruits ripen in a cluster.
The variety has a long fruiting period, the fruits are harvested from July to the end of September. The tomato is intended for planting in a greenhouse, in the southern regions it can be planted under a film.
Fruits in the form of elongated ovals have a pointed tip. Fully ripe tomatoes are scarlet. The skin is dense, does not crack, because of this, they are easy to transport, tomatoes are perfectly stored. The mass of a medium-sized fruit is up to 20 g. The fruit tastes sweet, has a delicate aroma. Tomatoes are put in salads, canned, dried, used in a diet and in baby food.
Pros and cons
The advantages of this hybrid:
- excellent productivity;
- the fruits are very sweet and tasty;
- the variety is frost-resistant;
- tomatoes lie for about 2 months and do not lose their excellent taste;
- has immunity to diseases;
- just look after;
- quite a long season for picking tomatoes.
Of the small cons:
- tomatoes ripen quite late - they begin to be harvested from July 25;
- if the weather is cool, then the number of formed ovaries decreases sharply.
The boxes are filled with sand, peat, garden soil with the addition of superphosphate, potassium and ash. If you have prepared the mixture yourself, then fry it for an hour in the oven at 200 ° C to eliminate pathogenic fungi and bacteria.
The seeds are sown in boxes in early March. First, it is folded into a gauze bag and lowered for 20 minutes. in a solution of 1 teaspoon of potassium permanganate and 1 liter of pure water. Seeds are buried in the soil to a depth of 1 cm.
Water the plantings from a spray bottle, cover with a film. Before the first shoots, it is required to place the boxes in a room with an air temperature of about +23 ° C. When sprouts appear, the film is removed.
When 1 - 2 true leaves grow, dive the seedlings into separate peat cups. Be sure to lengthen their daylight hours by illuminating the tomatoes with lamps.
Feed the first time 10 days after germination. Pour 100 g of poultry manure or 300 g of manure into a ten-liter bucket of water. Leave it for a day. After a day, water the seedlings at the root, trying not to get on the leaves, as this can cause burns.
In 60 - 65 days after sowing the seeds, the cultivation of seedlings is continued in the open field or in a greenhouse.
Planting seedlings in the ground
Prepare the soil in the fall. Spread 3 buckets of soil mixed from equal parts of peat, humus and sawdust on 1 m² of clay or loam. If you have peat, then on 1 m² pour 3 buckets of a composition of 2 parts of humus, 2 parts of turf, 2 parts of sawdust and 1 part of sand, a teaspoon of double superphosphate and 2 tbsp. tablespoons of ash. Dig up the ground by pulling out weeds and digging out roots.
In late May or early June, plant the seedlings in a permanent place. Dig holes so that when planting seedlings, place 3 plants per 1 m². Pour the holes with hot water, then drive in the pegs, then put the seedlings, cover with soil. Next, tie up the bushes. Saplings need an air temperature of +20 - 22 ° C during the day, and at least 18 ° C at night.
The variety loves moisture, water it with warm, settled water in the evening. Watering is especially important before blooming, when flowering and pouring fruits. Loosen the soil after watering very carefully so as not to damage the root system.
Water at least 2 times every 14 days by adding diluted mullein or bird droppings to the water. Instead of organic matter, you can add complex mineral fertilizers.
After the ovaries have formed, stop feeding with nitrogen. Pinch the bushes. You can leave 1 - 2 stepsons at the bottom of the bush, ovaries will appear on them. Start harvesting from July 15, when the tomatoes become technically ripe, as tomatoes ripen quietly during storage.
Pests and diseases
Observe the crop rotation, in the open field, plant seedlings in a new place every 2 to 3 years. Plant tomatoes in an area where lettuce, parsley, mustard, and beans grew.
The tomato is resistant to major diseases, but for prevention, it is advised to change the top layer of earth in a greenhouse 10 cm thick every year. Spill the remaining soil with a solution of copper sulfate. To prevent the attack of pests, mulch the ground under the bushes with peat, straw. After watering, gently loosen the soil. Spray plants with warm water. Ventilate the greenhouse every day. If you do find pests, then it is better to spray the tomatoes with safe biological products.
Varieties of Dates and reviews
Reviews about the red date tomato are extremely positive. Here is what Tatyana from the Moscow region writes about tomatoes: “I bought seeds from the Russian vegetable garden company. I plant this variety annually. Fruits are small, sweet, lie for a long time due to the excellent separation from the stalk and high density of the skin, the dessert taste remains during storage. "
A tomato of the variety Orange date has been bred, the fruits of which are orange in color. Tomatoes are similar in shape to the Red Date variety, oval-oblong with a sharp tip.
There is also a tomato variety Yellow Date F1, it can be planted at home on a windowsill. The fruit is lemon-colored. The taste of the Yellow Date tomato is slightly less sweet than that of the Red Date. But the pulp tastes like raisins, ripe plums and a honeyed aftertaste.
Tomato Date Siberian F1 differs from other varieties in that its fruits ripen 10 days earlier. Characteristics of tomatoes: contains about 10% sugars. These tomatoes can be planted in pots, where the height of the bush reaches 50 cm. They are planted in Siberia in greenhouses. Planting seeds, replanting seedlings and caring for bushes in these varieties of tomatoes are identical.
Small-sized tomatoes of the Date variety are very popular with children, who fell in love with them for their sweet dessert taste and similarity with the fruits of the date. Tomatoes of the Date varieties are easy and simple to care for.