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Pear "Dukhmyanaya" refers to late summer varieties that have proven themselves when grown in home gardening. The variety was bred as a result of crossing the parental line represented by the varieties "Alexandrovka" and "Favorite".
Pear "Duhmyanaya", high-yielding and unpretentious, has become popular due to its high resistance to adverse weather factors, bacterial diseases and scab.
The description of the variety and its main characteristic suggest the entry of orchards into fruiting in the fourth year of the plant's life.
Description and features of the variety
Pear variety "Duhmyanaya" is a fairly large trees, the height of which can reach five meters. The plant is characterized by the presence of a thick and pyramidal crown shape.
The fruits are aligned, pear-shaped, of medium size, weighing 120-140 g. The main color of the surface of the fetus is represented in green with the presence of a brick-red striped blush. The pulp is white, juicy and buttery. The taste of ripe fruit is good. Ripe fruits are characterized by a pleasant, sweet and sour taste.
The fruits of the pear variety "Duhmyanaya" fully ripen in the second decade of August or early September, due to different soil and climatic conditions of the growing regions.
How to grow a pear in the middle lane
Rust protection for gardens
Rust, or Gymnosporangium sabinae, is quite common in home gardening and a very harmful fungal disease not only of apple trees, but also of pears. Pear plantations of the Dukhmyanaya variety need timely and competent preventive measures to reduce the risk of damage to fruit plantations by rust to almost zero. It should be remembered that the high resistance of the pear to scab is not a reason to assume resistance to rust damage, therefore it is very important to treat fruit plants with modern highly effective chemical means of protection.
The fungal microflora that causes pear rust can winter very well in the greenery of juniper and other conifers. Therefore, if there are plants with pseudo-leaves on a personal or garden plot, it is recommended to pay special attention to the protection of garden plantings from rust.
With a significant development of fungal infection on pear trees, not only the foliage of the fruit stands is affected, but also the fruits and shoots. Affected pear trees do not form growth, and the formed fruits are underdeveloped and fall before the stage of removable maturity.
Experts and experienced gardeners advise to carry out preventive spraying of pear trees with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid or use a 0.5% lime-sulfur broth for processing fruit stands. Sulfur based products give the best results against rust damage. In the early spring, the use of the systemic drug "Chorus" is recommended. At the end of July - spraying of fruit stands with Skor, Topaz, Topsin-M, Bayleton, Delan or Fundazol.
Reviews and recommendations of gardeners
The pear of the "Duhmyanaya" variety, according to gardeners' assessments and reviews, is among the fruitful, but has a relatively average level of winter hardiness. The stated data on the good resistance of the variety to diseases and fungal microflora, according to gardeners and summer residents, are completely true.
The variety is characterized by the presence of a mixed type of fruiting, and the harvest can be used universally. Fruit trees are unpretentious, but prefer to grow on sandy, soddy or loamy soils. On acidic soils, experienced gardeners recommend liming every six years.
Rust on Pear: Methods of Fighting
Features of the crown suggest spring formation, which consists in pruning the main branch at a height of one meter. It is recommended to leave no more than five or six of the strongest kidneys. Thus, a trunk is formed from the central shoot, and the side shoots go to the formation of skeletal branches.
Care for fruit stands of this variety is simple. Pear variety "Duhmyanaya" is very responsive to loosening, mulching, abundant watering and top dressing with nitrogen-containing, phosphate and potassium fertilizers, as well as organics.